12 Vision Therapy Exercises| Orthoptic Exercises in 2023 You Can do at Home

Vision Therapy Exercises at Home

Vision Therapy Exercises: Vision therapy improves vision skills to achieve a clearer and more comfortable vision through an effective program.

Visual Enhancement Through a series of progressive therapeutic eye exercises to improve the communication between your brain and eyes, patients develop normal visual skills.

Vision Therapy Exercises can be Considered The Best GYM for The Brain.

The vision therapy program is designed as an individualized and personalized treatment, which is used in conjunction with other treatments, such as spectacles or eye surgery.

Vision therapy exercises are performed under the supervision of an eye doctor and are performed once a week for a 30-45 minute session.

Home exercises are given in the office to reinforce the exercises learned during the therapy session. For best results, commitment to weekly sessions and therapy homework assignments is essential.

vision therapy for children | vision exercises for children

The First Step Is Pediatric Eye Exam

If your child has a visual or vision problem that may affect his or her performance in sports or school, the first step is to schedule an eye exam to rule out astigmatism or farsightedness and nearsightedness.

If a basic eye examination indicates that the glasses are not needed, that your child’s current number of glasses has not changed, or that each eye has 20/20 visual acuity, be aware that the vision problem now May also be present. The eye chart used in routine eye examinations only examines a person’s distance vision and does not examine all the important aspects of visual performance.

Consider scheduling a comprehensive eye exam with your nearest pediatric ophthalmologist, which includes vision therapy, for a complete analysis of your child’s vision that assesses the visual skills required for effective reading and learning. Who specializes in binocular vision, vision therapy exercises, and/or vision development.

At the end of the comprehensive examination, the doctor should take a detailed look at your child’s vision and visual abilities. If vision problems are identified and vision exercises for children are recommended, be sure to find out about the possible duration of the therapy and the recommended success rate for the specific type of vision therapy exercises.

Also, ask what criteria are used to describe “successful” treatment.

Vision Therapy for Adults

Vision therapy exercises are often as effective for adults as it is for children.

Neuroplasticity can make adults successful in vision therapy exercises as well as in children. Neuroplasticity enables your brain to stay active and flexible throughout life.

In addition, adults are generally more motivated to improve their visual abilities – this gives them the energy to overcome many difficult obstacles.

The visual function training used for vision therapy can be compared to learning a trade or playing an instrument – the more you practice or train, the stronger and more skilled you become.

Vision Therapy Exercises Can Treat Different Types Of Vision Conditions:

What is Strabismus

Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes are not aligned properly so that a good picture can be focused on the retina. The eye or both eyes can be upwards, downwards, or sideways.

This is due to misalignment between the outer muscles of the eye. Some muscles or one muscle may be fibrous or tight while others may be loose. If squint occurs at an early age, it can lead to reduced depth perception called stereopsis.

Strabismus is not only a cosmetic disorder but is also associated with poor eyesight. Timely recognition of strabismus and treatment of early strabismus can lead to better visual results.

Early strabismus treatment strategies include non-surgical treatment of strabismus, such as correction of refractive error, patching, and prescribing prisms.

Vision Therapy for Strabismus

eye exercises for strabismus

The treatment is vision therapy exercises. Options range from glasses to eye patches to surgery, and eye exercises. There are six muscles that control the eyes, and they are thought to work together to see both eyes in the same place. If you have a squint, these muscles are not working as a team.

Your ophthalmologist, usually an optometrist or ophthalmologist, may suggest eye exercises to help you focus your eyes properly and improve muscle control and brain-eye coordination. You can do some of these at home. Others should be done in a doctor’s office because they need special equipment such as lenses, prisms, filters, occluders, or computer programs.

How Does a Lazy Eye Affect Vision

Amblyopia, known as (Lazy Eye) is a neurodevelopmental state of vision. Amblyopia develops when one eye is unable to achieve normal visual acuity, which results in blurred vision in the affected eye, even with corrective eyeglasses. This condition usually presents poor depth perception and reading difficulties.

Vision Therapy for Lazy Eye

Vision therapy through a series of personal exercises helps to improve a child’s visual abilities, eye coordination, and depth perception, and reduce stress. Stress occurs when the brain is completely closed (stops using) a weak eye that permanently loses sight.

Vision therapy uses lenses, prisms, filters, patches, and other special devices. Eye patching is called passive vision therapy, which has proven to be less effective than active therapy. Active therapy uses exercises to demonstrate how the brain interacts with the eyes and interprets visual inputs.

Over the past few years, state-of-the-art digital therapies (including virtual reality devices) have expanded the traditional vision therapy exercises activities into new, interactive ways to improve focusing, fixation, saccades, eye-tracking, and improving spatial skills (eye-hand coordination).

Vision Therapy Exercises | Orthoptic Exercises

Although this article is for some vision therapy exercises that you can do from the comfort of your own home, they are not a substitute for professional eye care from an experienced ophthalmologist or vision therapist.

Eye Exercises at Home | Optometric Vision Therapy Exercises

Can eye exercises improve vision?

These Optometric Vision Therapy Exercises are easy enough to practice in the comfort of your own home, but if you have any problems, be sure to consult your eye doctor for advice.

Every set of exercises focuses on strengthening a different visual skill.

Improve Focusing

1. Changing Focus

The following exercises will help you to maintain visual clarity when switching between near and far objects

  • Sit in a chair and keep your feet flat on the floor.
  • Hold your index finger a few inches from your eye.
  • Stare at your finger.
  • Slowly begin to move your finger away from your face, keeping your focus.
  • Break your focus and look at the distance for a few seconds.
  • Bring your attention back to your finger as you slowly move it toward your eye.
  • Again break your focus and stare at something distant.
  • Repeat this exercise 3 times.

2. Near and Far focus

  • Sit in a chair and keep your feet flat on the floor.
  • Keep your thumb about 10 inches away from the face.
  • Watch your thumb for 15 seconds.
  • Break your focus and look at something 10 to 20 feet away for 15 seconds.
  • Bring your attention back to your thumb.
  • Repeat this exercise 5 times.

Reduce eye strain

3. Figure eight

  • vision therapy exercises
    Figure 8

    Sit in a chair with your feet flat on the floor.

  • Focus somewhere on the floor about 10 feet in front of you.
  • Make eight numbers with your eyes around this place.
  • Continue tracing figure 8 for 30 seconds, then change direction.

4. The Rule of 20-20-20

Relaxing your vision will help you reduce the symptoms of eye strain. One of the most common exercises that optometrists recommend involves the 20/20/20 principle.

Every 20 minutes, look at something 20 feet away for 20 seconds.

5. Eye Movement

  • close your eyes.
  • With gradual movement, lift your eyes upwards and then downwards.
  • Repeat this 3 times.
  • Then, slowly move the eyes to the left and then to the right.
  • Repeat 3 times.

Improve Eye Coordination

6. Brock String

  • Secure the end of the long wire on the door knob or other stationery.
  • Hold the other end of the wire under your nose.
  • Place a small bead on the wire.
  • Keep both eyes open, and pay attention to the bead.
  • You should see 2 wires in the shape of an X with a bead in the middle.

If you see 2 beads and 2 wires, your eyes do not match the bead. If you see only one wire, make sure both eyes are open.

Enhance Convergence 

 7. Pencil Pushups

  • Between the eyes, hold the pencil at arm’s length.
  • Slowly move it towards your nose, trying to maintain a single image of it.
  • Keep bringing the pencil to the nose until the pencil is no longer a single picture.
  • Move the pencil back to where it appears as a picture.
  • Repeat 20 times.

For Eye Turns

8. Barrel Cards

  • Draw 3 barrels (small, medium, and large) on one side of the index card, Using the red marker.
  • Draw the same barrel in green, On the other side of the card
  • Place the card in front of your nose, with the largest barrel far away from your face.
  • Focus on the largest barrel until it appears as a single picture with both colors, and double the other 2 barrels.
  • maintain your focus for about 5 seconds.
  • Repeat this with the other 2 pictures.
vision therapy exercises

9. Around the World

It is always important that your eye muscles are still exercising in the right amount to manage tracking and saccading problems.

  • For Around the World, find a place where you can sit or stand for a few minutes without interruption. Then, look straight up for 3 seconds and look down for 3 seconds. Focus on the object in front of you, then on the left for 3 seconds, and then on the right for 3 seconds.
  • After these movements, look up left and up right at the same time. Finish the exercise by rolling your eyes clockwise for 2 turns and clockwise for the other 2 turns.

This exercise helps to correct vision problems, including conditions such as strabismus and amblyopia

10. Alphabet Ball

  • Alphabet ball practice is a great way to accomplish certain things with your vision: hand-to-eye coordination, tracking, or even conditions such as strabismus and amblyopia (last eye).vision therapy exercises
  • Draw letters on a balloon or ball. Give the ball to a partner and ask them to call the last letter before catching it. When they give you the ball, you do the same. Do this exercise for a few minutes.
  • This is a great exercise to help children with their vision as well as to help them walk!

11. Writing, Reading, Puzzles, and Mazes

Performing close tasks like reading and writing is not only great for improving brain functions, but it is also great for improving visual skills such as shifting your focus between target and visual pursuing, also known as saccading.

12. Blinking

  • We unconsciously blink all the time. However, when you are focusing too much on something close to you, it can cause eye strain.
  • Consciously blinking can give your eyes a little break from their work while your tears can also strengthen the film. If you stop blinking for a while, it may become dry.


Q1. Can I do vision therapy at home?

Vision therapy is performed only by an expert ophthalmologist. But there are some vision therapy exercises that you can do at home that are described in the article. You can read the article above.

Q2. Can I get my eyesight back to normal?

We cannot correct our eyesight without professional help, and there is no quick and easy solution to our vision problems. But with a good diet and nutrition, you can help your eyesight naturally and on their own. As always, please talk to your eye doctor.

Q3. How effective is vision therapy for strabismus?

If some part of the eye turns and some are straight, the chances of vision therapy to straighten the eye without strabismus surgery are about 80%. If the eye was aligned with the help of surgery and now turned again, chances are still good that vision therapy can help. Some combination of vision therapy and surgery may be needed if the eyes are constantly turned. Straightening of the eyes is not only the goal but also Working together for better depth perception and performance in driving, school, work, and sports.

Q4. Which fruit is best for eye vision?

5 Best Fruits for Eyes
1. Citrus Fruits. Citrus fruits like lemons, oranges, and grapefruit are high in vitamin C.
2. Berries. cranberries, Strawberries, blueberries, and blackberries are great superfoods for healthy functioning eyes.
3. Mango and Papaya
4. Apricots.
5. Bananas.

Q5. Which vitamin is best for eyesight?

vitamin A, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Zeaxanthin and Lutein, and Omega-3.
 Especially vitamin A is important for eye health. According to the AAO, Vitamin A helps your eyes produce pigments that make it possible to see the full spectrum of light. Vitamin A also nourishes other parts of your eye.

Q6. Why is my vision getting worse?

Lifestyle factors. Poor diet, smoking, or too much alcohol can affect your vision. Good overall health can prevent your eyesight from getting worse too quickly. A healthy, balanced diet is key, as vitamins E and C, as well as omega-3, can contribute to healthy vision.

Dr Sadia Ayaz
Dr Sadia Ayaz

I am an ophthalmologist and eye surgeon

Articles: 47

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